Esther Happacher - University of Innsbruck, Institut für Italienisches Recht

Maria Bertel - University of Innsbruck, Institut für Öffentliches Recht, Staats- und Verwaltungslehre

Date

18th of June 2019

Type of Act

(name in English / in the official language)

Decision of the Constitutional Court, G 150-151/2018-34, G 155/2018-32

Enacted by

Constitutional Court

Reference to the Constitution (art.)

Art 7 Austrian Federal Constitution

Subject area

Equality principle, non-discrimination

If the act implements a source of EU Law: cite the relevant EU legal source

 

Comment

The Constitutional Court did not find that several provisions of the Law that amended the Tobacco Law (TabakG) and the Law on the Protection of non-smokers (Nichtraucherinnen und Nichtraucherschutzgesetz) were unconstitutional. The government of Vienna had filed a complaint grounded on Art 140 Austrian Federal Constitution and claiming a violation of Art 7 Austrian Federal Constitution. Yet, the Constitutional Court decided, that the legislator has a duty to forbid smoking in bars and restaurants in the light of Art 7 Austrian Federal Constitution.

Secondary sources/ doctrinal works (if any)

 

Available Text

https://www.vfgh.gv.at/downloads/VfGH_Entscheidung_G_150_2018.pdf

Date of entry into force

 

Date

6th of March 2019

Type of Act

(name in English / in the official language)

Decision of the Supreme Administrative Court (Verwaltungsgerichtshof), Ro 2019/19/0006 of 21st of May 2019

Enacted by

Supreme Administrative Court

Reference to the Constitution (art.)

--

Subject area

Asylum law, interpretation of national provisions in the light of an EU directive (Directive 2011/95/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on standards for the qualification of third-country nationals or stateless persons as beneficiaries of international protection, for a uniform status for refugees or for persons eligible for subsidiary protection, and for the content of the protection granted, OJ L 337, 20.12.2011, p. 9–26)

If the act implements a source of EU Law: cite the relevant EU legal source

 

Comment

According to the case-law of the ECJ, the Status Directive provides for subsidiary protection only in cases of a real risk to suffer harm (due to the conduct of an actor or in case of threats in an armed conflict). Therefore, the national legislator cannot enact or maintain provisions, which grant a foreign person the status of subsidiary protection irrespective of the cause. A national grant of protection on other grounds - in particular family or humanitarian - does not fall within the scope of the Status Directive and requires a form that excludes the risk of confusion with the grant of protection under that Directive.

According to § 8 (1) AsylG 2005, which is granting the status of a subsidiary beneficiary, any real risk of a violation of Art. 3 ECHR in the country of origin, irrespective of being caused by actors or threats by armed conflict, is sufficient. Against the background of the clear will of the legislator, a so-called teleological reduction is not possible. It is therefore not possible to interpret § 8 (1) AsylG 2005 in conformity with the Directive.

Secondary sources/ doctrinal works (if any)

 

Available Text

https://www.vwgh.gv.at/rechtsprechung/aktuelle_entscheidungen/2019/ro_2019190006.pdf?71poih

Date of entry into force

 

Name of the Act/s

Bundesgesetz, mit dem das Bundesgesetz über die Finanzierung politischer Parteien (Parteiengesetz 2012 - PartG) geändert wird

BGBl I Nr. 55/2019

Date

8th of July 2019

Type of Act

Federal Law

Enacted by

National Council, Federal Council

Reference to the Constitution (FCL) (art.)

Art. 1 FCL ; Art.26 FCL

Subject area

Financing of political parties

If the act implements a source of EU Law: cite the relevant EU legal source

 

Comment

Modifies the rules for the financing of political parties. The law introduces a yearly maximum of 750.000 € of donations per party and a limit of 7.500 € per person or company, fixes a limit of 7 millions € for   the costs of elections campaigns at national level and introduces a public funding bonus for political parties whose Parliamentary group counts more than 40% women.

Secondary sources/ doctrinal works (if any)

 

Available Text

https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/eli/bgbl/I/2019/55/20190708

Date of entry into force

9th of July 2019

Name of the Act/s

Bundesgesetz, mit dem das Unternehmensgesetzbuch, das Alternative Investmentfonds Manager-Gesetz, das Bankwesengesetz, das Einlagensicherungs- und Anlegerentschädigungsgesetz, das Börsegesetz 2018, das Immobilien-Investmentfondsgesetz, das Investmentfondsgesetz 2011, das Versicherungsaufsichtsgesetz 2016, das Wirtschaftstreuhandberufsgesetz 2017, das Bilanzbuchhaltungsgesetz 2014 und das Abfallwirtschaftsgesetz 2002 geändert werden (Anti-Gold-Plating-Gesetz 2019)

BGBl I Nr. 46/2019

Date

28th of May 2019

Type of Act

Federal Law

Enacted by

National Council

Reference to the Constitution (FCL) (art.)

Art. 10 para. 1 Z 6 FCL; Art. 10 para 1 Z 5 FCL; Art. 10 para 1 Z 8 FCL; Art. 10 para 1 Z 11 FCL; Art. 10 para 1 Z 12 FCL

Subject area

Deregulation

If the act implements a source of EU Law: cite the relevant EU legal source

Directive 2013/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on the annual financial statements, consolidated financial statements and related reports of certain types of undertakings, amending Directive 2006/43/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Directives 78/660/EEC and 83/349/EEC; Directive 2013/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on the annual financial statements, consolidated financial statements and related reports of certain types of undertakings, amending Directive 2006/43/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Directives 78/660/EEC and 83/349/EEC; Directive 2009/138/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2009 on the taking-up and pursuit of the business of Insurance and Reinsurance (Solvency II); Directive (EU) 2015/849 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 May 2015 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing, amending Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing Directive 2005/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Directive 2006/70/EC; Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste

Comment

Eliminates rules which have over fulfilled European Union directives (so called gold plating) in the banking, financial, accounting, insurance and environmental sector

Secondary sources/ doctrinal works (if any)

 

Available Text

https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/eli/bgbl/I/2019/46/20190528

Date of entry into force

29th of May 2019

Name of the Act/s

Brexit-Begleitgesetz 2019 – BreBeG 2019

Bundesgesetz, mit dem das Beamten-Dienstrechtsgesetz 1979, das Vertragsbedienstetengesetz 1948, das Landeslehrer-Dienstrechtsgesetz, das Landesvertragslehrpersonengesetz 1966, das Land- und forstwirtschaftliche Landeslehrer-Dienstrechtsgesetz, das Land- und forstwirtschaftliche Landesvertragslehrpersonengesetz, das Ausländerbeschäftigungsgesetz, das Studienförderungsgesetz 1992, das Betriebliche Mitarbeiter- und Selbständigenvorsorgegesetz, das Niederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz, das Integrationsgesetz, die Rechtsanwaltsordnung, das EIRAG und das Marktordnungsgesetz 2007 geändert werden sowie ein Bundesgesetz zur kollisionsrechtlichen Beurteilung von im Vereinigten Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland registrierten Gesellschaften mit Verwaltungssitz in Österreich erlassen wird

BGBl I 25/2019

Date of publication

25.03.2019

Type of Act

(name in English / in the official language)

Federal Law

Enacted by

 

Reference to the Constitution (FCL) (art.)

Art. 10 para 1 n 3, 5, 6, 16 Federal Constitutional Law; Art. 11 Federal Constitutional Law; Art. 14 para 1 and 2 Federal Constitutional Law; Art. 14a para 3 lit. b Federal Constitutional Law

Subject area

Brexit

If the act implements a source of EU Law: cite the relevant EU legal source

Art. 50 para 2 Treaty on the European Union

Comment

By modifying various acts, the law aims at regulating the effects of a Brexit without Withdrawal Agreement on UK Citizens in Austria; in particular, the law aims at maintaining the principal effects of the fundamental freedom of free movement of workers for UK citizen already working in Austria (for example as teachers) for a transitional period before obtaining a so called Rot-Weiß-Rot-Karte plus.

Secondary sources/ doctrinal works (if any)

 

Available Text

https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/eli/bgbl/I/2019/25/20190325

Date of entry into force

In accordance with a communication by the Federal Chancellor (article 16 BreBeG 2019)

Pagina 1 di 3

Osservatorio sulle fonti

Rivista telematica registrata presso il Tribunale di Firenze (decreto n. 5626 del 24 dicembre 2007). ISSN 2038-5633.

L’Osservatorio sulle fonti è stato riconosciuto dall’ANVUR come rivista scientifica e collocato in Classe A.

Contatti

Per qualunque domanda o informazione, puoi utilizzare il nostro form di contatto, oppure scrivici a uno di questi indirizzi email:

Direzione scientifica: direzione@osservatoriosullefonti.it
Redazione: redazione@osservatoriosullefonti.it

Il nostro staff ti risponderà quanto prima.

© 2017 Osservatoriosullefonti.it. Registrazione presso il Tribunale di Firenze n. 5626 del 24 dicembre 2007 - ISSN 2038-5633